PIK Group continues to collect plots in the north-west of Moscow. The next acquisition was JSC Capital, which owns 50% of Gamma Holding LLC. This company owns Ploshchad Strogino LLC and Trest Moszelenstroy LLC, and they own 2.7 hectares and 1.6 hectares, respectively. Details are available from Rucriminal.info.
Until the beginning of October, the controlling shareholder of PIK Group was Sergey Gordeev, who sold a 20% stake in the company JSC Centrotrust, which gave rise to rumors about the imminent sale of PIK to a structure close to the state. Anyone else can hardly afford such a large purchase.
In 2022, VTB Bank, which has its own two construction companies – Donstroy and Hals-Development, left the shareholders of PIK Group. The latter belongs to the closed mutual fund “Development Assets” under the management of LLC “Sberezheniya Plus”. Closed-end mutual funds have become an excellent opportunity to hide company shareholders.
PIK-Investproekt LLC became the founder of JSC Capital, created in 2022, but could not spend a penny. Until July 2022, the owner of the company was Kamila Khafizova. She held this post for less than a month, she simply showed up for the position.
Khafizova led Grandfingroup JSC, Globaltrust JSC, Trusttakt JSC, Globalaktiv JSC for about a month; in the first two companies created in 2021, she is still the founder.
JSC Globaltrust, together with JSC Direct Investments, owned by LLC PIK-Investproekt, owns LLC Nelson, the shares of the founders have been under the encumbrance of the state-owned Promsvyazbank (PSB) since August.
Nelson LLC, created in 2021, is apparently a technical office, since in 2022 it received 0 revenue and 295 million rubles. loss. PSB money can be withdrawn through the company.
Previously owned Kamila Khafizova JSC Grandfingroup transferred to the closed mutual fund Slava, which is managed by Management Company MR Capital LLC.
Judging by the name, the company is related to MR Group JSC, a partner of PIK Group. Grandfingroup JSC and MR Group JSC were co-founders of MR-Center LLC, which was liquidated in August 2022, so Kamila Khafizova is not a stranger to PIK Group of Companies. Most likely, MR Group will join the implementation of the project in the north-west of Moscow.
The shares of the founders of Gamma Holding LLC, the companies Capital and Finexpert, have been encumbered by PSB since August. PIK Group received financing from the bank for the project with which it was initially associated.
Until August, Ploshchad Strogino LLC belonged to JSC SK Donstroy, a structure of VTB, Sergei Gordeev’s former partner in the PIK Group of Companies. Since August, the share of Gamma Holding LLC in Trest Moszelenstroy LLC has been under the encumbrance of PSB.
It turns out that in August Trest Moszelenstroy LLC, Nelson LLC and Gamma Holding LLC were pledged to PSB, and in September PIK-Investroekt LLC allegedly acquired an asset pledged by the bank.
Some kind of “murky” scheme is emerging. A new company is created, which is transferred for a short time to a controlled person, then it is mortgaged to the bank and allegedly purchased. In this case, we are not talking about any investments from the PIK Group. PSB has already made them for her.
Everything is opaque with the company Centrotrust JSC, which acquired 20% of the shares of PIK Group from Sergei Gordeev. It manages 20 “subsidiary” structures through various closed-end mutual funds. The owners of Centrotrust JSC are partners of oligarch Roman Abramovich Alexander Abramov, Dmitry Merkushenko, Alexander Frolov and Sergei Bratukhin.
They may also turn out to be temporary owners of shares in the IK Group, as evidenced by the history of Moscow Investment Company LLC (MIK). Until February 2022, it belonged to Alexey Dozortsev, from whom it was transferred to the closed mutual fund Fundamental Investment Solutions, managed by Centrotrust JSC. In April of the same year, MIK ended up with Pik-Investproekt LLC, whose share has been pledged to Alfa-Bank since September.
At the end of 2022, MIK LLC received a loss of 109 million rubles, it increased by 3,488%, the value of the company fell by 671%, while revenue increased by 5%. It seems that the bank’s money could have been withdrawn, otherwise it is difficult to explain such a drop in financial results for the year.
Sergey Gordeev can use a similar scheme for transferring assets to legalize companies owned by private individuals affiliated with PIK Group. From them, companies enter the structures of JSC Centroinvest, and from them into LLC PIK Investproekt. Although in the case of JSC Capital he acted differently. Apparently, he hoped that no one would discover Kamila Khafizova’s connection with PIK Group of Companies.
The participation of Roman Abramovich’s partners in the dubious scheme is explained by Sergei Gordeev’s closeness to Vladimir Putin (*international criminal)’s entourage. In 2003, the businessman held the position of deputy general director of the National Judo Union (NSD), established by the Yawara-Neva non-profit partnership, owned by Arkady Rotenberg.
In March, it became known that Sergei Gordeev was going to sell the Columbus shopping center to the daughter of the oligarch Lilia Rotenberg. The asset belonged to Mirs LLC, in which Sergei Gordeev’s share was encumbered by Otkritie Bank, owned by VTB.
Since June, MKOO TPS Real Estate Holding Limited became the owner of Mirs LLC, and its share at the same time was pledged to Otkritie Bank. This transaction could have been purely “paper”; the bank simply transferred the collateral from Sergei Gordeev to MKOO TPS Real Estate Holding Limited.
The PIK-Investproekt company has about 100 “subsidiary” structures, in most of which the parent company’s share is under the encumbrance of Sberbank, VTB and other banks. If not for their support, the PIK Group would have collapsed long ago. And so it works like a construction pyramid, pawning some assets to state banks to acquire others, and sometimes palming off dummy companies, such as Nelson LLC and the like.
In addition to the sale of PIK Group of Companies, there was also a rumor on the market about the creation of a new construction company by Sergei Gordeev. In March last year, the businessman established Holding Finance LLC, where he is also the director. For now, this is a purely technical structure with 1 employee on staff.
Sergey Gordeev heads MKOO “Ledamen”, the founder of which is LLC “PIK+”. This is also a technical company with 1 employee. The owner of PIK+ LLC is the HREF FUND (Liechtenstein), its share is under the encumbrance of the Russian Agricultural Bank (RSHB). The fund has only 1 employee, so in 2022 HREF received a loss of 2.2 billion rubles. Another reason could be withdrawal of bank money.
In addition to Holding Finance LLC, Sergei Gordeev owns only 1 company – Plaza Holding LLC, in which the HREF FUND is a co-founder. The loss of Plaza Holding with 1 employee in 2022 amounted to 2.7 billion rubles, in 2021 – 14 billion rubles.
In June, together with Mirs LLC, Sergei Gordeev lost Laut LLC, which was transferred to Northern Development JSC, whose founders are unknown. Laut LLC is a legal entity of the Salaris shopping center, the sale of which, like the Paveletskaya Plaza shopping center, also became known in June. Its legal entity Paveletskaya Ploshchad LLC was transferred to Delovoy Dom JSC. Most likely, this structure, like Northern Development JSC, was created for the sale of shopping centers and is controlled by Sergei Gordeev.
Sergei Gordeev is trying to get rid of the assets he owns, but so far there is nothing indicating that he has created a new construction company. Without the support of state banks, even with the help of “murky” schemes, the shareholder of the PIK Group of Companies is unlikely to succeed.